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Docker-Swarm-Consul-RabbitMQ集群

架构介绍

Docker Swarm上基于Consul实现高可用RabbitMQ集群。RabbitMQ是基于高级消息队列协议(AMQP)实现的开源消息代理软件,主要提供消息队列服务。这里介绍用Docker Compose搭建RabbitMQ高可用集群的过程。

Swarm是Docker官方提供的一款集群管理工具,其主要作用是把若干台Docker主机抽象为一个整体,并且通过一个入口统一管理这些Docker主机上的各种Docker资源。

Swarm和Kubernetes比较类似,但是更加轻,具有的功能也较kubernetes更少一些

实验通过Docker swarm建立基于Consul自动发现的高可用性的RabbitMQ集群。通过HAProxy服务器以负载均衡AMQP请求,并提高群集的整体可用性。

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环境准备

主机名称和IP

主机名 IP
D-master 192.168.32.11
D-node-1 192.168.32.12
D-node-2 192.168.32.13

Docker 版本

三台主机节点都是一样的docker版本以及操作系统


# docker --version
Docker version 18.09.9, build 039a7df9ba

# cat /etc/issue
Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS \n \l

部署swarm集群

初始化docker swarm集群

在master上初始化集群

root@D-master:~# docker swarm init --advertise-addr 192.168.32.11
Swarm initialized: current node (nt58bpwl6t31cuncok453d8bv) is now a manager.

To add a worker to this swarm, run the following command:

    docker swarm join --token SWMTKN-1-2qdamb060dkj7y7fr080ywgfakxuuyncwjq19nsk14tbacu02l-2ebxvqnsvql3lu3xpybkzcpqu 192.168.32.11:2377

To add a manager to this swarm, run 'docker swarm join-token manager' and follow the instructions.

把node的两台机器加入到master集群

#node1:
root@D-node-1:~# docker swarm join --token SWMTKN-1-2qdamb060dkj7y7fr080ywgfakxuuyncwjq19nsk14tbacu02l-2ebxvqnsvql3lu3xpybkzcpqu 192.168.32.11:2377
This node joined a swarm as a worker.

#node2:
root@D-node-2:~# docker swarm join --token SWMTKN-1-2qdamb060dkj7y7fr080ywgfakxuuyncwjq19nsk14tbacu02l-2ebxvqnsvql3lu3xpybkzcpqu 192.168.32.11:2377
This node joined a swarm as a worker.

在master主机上查看集群状态

root@D-master:~# docker node ls
ID                            HOSTNAME            STATUS              AVAILABILITY        MANAGER STATUS      ENGINE VERSION
nt58bpwl6t31cuncok453d8bv *   D-master            Ready               Active              Leader              18.09.9
6e5sj1f8wzi6notn96hz9w3oe     D-node-1            Ready               Active                                  18.09.9
wfnlemwns5y8fv0i67jlx7atl     D-node-2            Ready               Active                                  18.09.9

提升节点为manager

root@D-master:~#  docker node promote D-node-1        #提升node1
Node D-node-1 promoted to a manager in the swarm.

root@D-master:~# docker node promote D-node-2         #提升node2
Node D-node-2 promoted to a manager in the swarm.

#查看各个节点的node角色
root@D-master:~# docker node inspect D-master | less | grep -i role
            "Role": "manager",
root@D-master:~# docker node inspect D-node-1 | less | grep -i role
            "Role": "manager",
root@D-master:~# docker node inspect D-node-2 | less | grep -i role
            "Role": "manager",

root@D-master:~# for i in `docker node ls -q`;do docker node inspect $i | grep -i role ;done
            "Role": "manager",
            "Role": "manager",
            "Role": "manager",

网络创建

root@D-master:~# docker network create --driver=overlay --attachable prod   #创建网络
g7vpwhorx9twyoxsyl1k994vj

root@D-master:~# docker network ls   #查看网络列表
NETWORK ID          NAME                DRIVER              SCOPE
7e60ca1d698e        bridge              bridge              local
dxlvucnscnc7        consul_consul       overlay             swarm
5953313f3a26        docker_gwbridge     bridge              local
1ac0d262e7e3        host                host                local
fy418rdt19f1        ingress             overlay             swarm
2f3907cd86b4        none                null                local
g7vpwhorx9tw        prod                overlay             swarm

部署consul集群

「注意点」
持久化consul的数据,避免数据丢失
在global模式下部署Consul服务,并通过节点标签管理服务调度
使用两个单独的网络,一个用于内部consul的通信,另一个用于RabbitMQ与Consul服务之间的通信

添加节点标签

root@D-master:~# mkdir consul_rabbitmq_docker
root@D-master:~# cd consul_rabbitmq_docker

root@D-master:~/consul_rabbitmq_docker# docker node update --label-add consul=true D-master 
D-master

root@D-master:~# docker node update --label-add consul=true D-node-1
D-node-1

root@D-master:~/consul_rabbitmq_docker# docker node update --label-add consul=true D-node-2 
D-node-2

# for i in `docker node ls -q`;do docker node inspect $i | grep -iA 5 label ;done     #查拉姆节点标签

如果节点标签定义错误,可以先对节点标签删除操作,然后重新创建
#删除节点操作
# docker node update --label-rm  标签名 主机名

consul部署清单

这个部署清单用于通过swarm来编排docker的pod,启动操作:docker stack deploy -c + .yml文件

root@D-master:~/consul_rabbitmq_docker# vim docker-compose_consul.yaml
version: '3.6'
services:
  consul:
    image: consul:1.4.0
    hostname: "{{.Node.Hostname}}"
    networks:
      - consul
      - prod
    ports:
      - 8400:8400
      - 8500:8500
      - 8600:53
    volumes:
      - consul-data:/consul/data
    deploy:
      mode: global
      placement:
        constraints: [node.labels.consul == true]
    command: [ "agent", "-server", "-bootstrap-expect=3", "-retry-max=3", "-retry-interval=10s", "-datacenter=prod", "-join=consul", "-retry-join=consul", "-bind={{ GetInterfaceIP \"eth0\" }}", "-client=0.0.0.0", "-ui"]
networks:
  consul:
  prod:
    external: true
volumes:
  consul-data:

初始化consul集群

root@D-master:~/consul_rabbitmq_docker# docker stack deploy -c docker-compose_consul.yaml consul
Creating network consul_consul
Creating service consul_consul

#查看节点标签
root@D-master:~/consul_rabbitmq_docker# for i in `docker node ls -q`;do docker node inspect $i | grep -iC 5 label ;done      

consul集群检测

root@D-master:~# curl 192.168.32.11:8500/v1/status/leader
"10.0.2.47:8300"

root@D-master:~# curl 192.168.32.12:8500/v1/status/leader
"10.0.2.47:8300"

root@D-master:~# curl 192.168.32.13:8500/v1/status/leader
"10.0.2.47:8300"

root@D-master:~# curl 192.168.32.11:8500/v1/status/peers         #集群
["10.0.2.47:8300","10.0.2.35:8300","10.0.2.49:8300"]

查看是否启动

root@D-master:~# docker ps -a |grep consul

访问网页的consul的dashboard来验证安装是否成功。
http://192.168.32.11:8500/

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部署RabbitMQ集群

「注意点」
持久化数据防止数据丢失
在global模式下部署RabbitMQ服务,并通过节点标签管理服务调度
使用Prod网络进行内部/外部RabbitMQ通信
不要暴露 RABBITMQ_ERLANG_COOKIE and RABBITMQ_DEFAULT_PASS
主机名很重要,因为RabbitMQ使用主机名作为数据目录

RabbitMQ部署清单

root@D-master:~/consul_rabbitmq_docker# vim docker-compose_rabbitmq.yml
root@D-master:~/consul_rabbitmq_docker# cat docker-compose_rabbitmq.yml

version: "3.6"
services:
  rabbitmq-01:
    image: olgac/rabbitmq:3.7.8-management
    hostname: rabbitmq-01
    environment:
      - RABBITMQ_DEFAULT_USER=admin
      - RABBITMQ_DEFAULT_PASS=Passw0rd
      - RABBITMQ_ERLANG_COOKIE="MY-SECRET-KEY-123"
    networks:
      - prod
    volumes:
      - rabbitmq-01-data:/var/lib/rabbitmq
    deploy:
      mode: global
      placement:
        constraints: [node.labels.rabbitmq1 == true]
  rabbitmq-02:
    image: olgac/rabbitmq:3.7.8-management
    hostname: rabbitmq-02
    environment:
      - RABBITMQ_DEFAULT_USER=admin
      - RABBITMQ_DEFAULT_PASS=Passw0rd
      - RABBITMQ_ERLANG_COOKIE="MY-SECRET-KEY-123"
    networks:
      - prod
    volumes:
      - rabbitmq-02-data:/var/lib/rabbitmq
    deploy:
      mode: global
      placement:
        constraints: [node.labels.rabbitmq2 == true]
  rabbitmq-03:
    image: olgac/rabbitmq:3.7.8-management
    hostname: rabbitmq-03
    environment:
      - RABBITMQ_DEFAULT_USER=admin
      - RABBITMQ_DEFAULT_PASS=Passw0rd
      - RABBITMQ_ERLANG_COOKIE="MY-SECRET-KEY-123"
    networks:
      - prod
    volumes:
      - rabbitmq-03-data:/var/lib/rabbitmq
    deploy:
      mode: global
      placement:
        constraints: [node.labels.rabbitmq3 == true]
networks:
  prod:
    external: true
volumes:
  rabbitmq-01-data:
  rabbitmq-02-data:
  rabbitmq-03-data:

RabbitMQ集群初始化

# docker-compose config  用于部署清单.yml文件的语法检测

在定义标签错误的情况下,可以先删除节点标签,然后再创建新的节点标签
#删除节点标签操作:
root@D-master:~/consul_rabbitmq_docker# docker node update --label-rm  rabbitmq1 D-node-1
D-node-1

###自动逸rabbitmq标签

root@D-master:~/consul_rabbitmq_docker# docker node update --label-add rabbitmq1=true D-master 
D-master

root@D-master:~/consul_rabbitmq_docker# docker node update --label-add rabbitmq2=true D-node-1
D-node-1

root@D-master:~/consul_rabbitmq_docker# docker node update --label-add rabbitmq3=true D-node-2
D-node-2

###查看node标签:
root@D-master:~/consul_rabbitmq_docker# for i in `docker node ls -q`;do docker node inspect $i | grep -iA 3 label ;done

部署rabbitmq集群

root@D-master:~/consul_rabbitmq_docker# docker stack deploy -c docker-compose_rabbitmq.yml rabbitmq
Creating service rabbitmq_rabbitmq-01
Creating service rabbitmq_rabbitmq-02
Creating service rabbitmq_rabbitmq-03

查看是否启动

root@D-master:~# docker ps -a |grep rabbitmq

这里会看到docker中依旧把rabbitmq集群已经起来了,但是在配置文件中没有把rabbitmq的端口暴露出来,所以暂时在web端访问不了。为了安全考虑,我们通过和rabbitmq在同一个docker service网段部署一个Haproxy,让Haproxy不仅仅负责访问调度机制,同时service访问的方式暴露rabbitmq的端口,从而进行访问MQ集群。

扩展

root@D-master:~# docker ps #找到对应容器的ID
root@D-master:~# docker exec -it 5f735718d62f /bin/bash #进到对应容器中交互操作

root@rabbitmq-01:/# find / -name "*plugins*"

root@rabbitmq-01:/# cat /etc/rabbitmq/enabled_plugins 
[rabbitmq_management,
rabbitmq_peer_discovery_consul,
rabbitmq_federation,
rabbitmq_federation_management,
rabbitmq_shovel,
rabbitmq_shovel_management].

root@rabbitmq-01:/# find / -name "*rabbitmq.conf*"

root@rabbitmq-01:/# cat /etc/rabbitmq/rabbitmq.conf
loopback_users.sa = false
cluster_formation.peer_discovery_backend = rabbit_peer_discovery_consul
cluster_formation.consul.host = consul
cluster_formation.node_cleanup.only_log_warning = true
cluster_formation.consul.svc_addr_auto = true
cluster_partition_handling = autoheal
vm_memory_high_watermark.relative = 0.8
disk_free_limit.absolute = 5GB
loopback_users.guest = false
listeners.tcp.default = 5672
default_pass = Passw0rd
default_user = admin
hipe_compile = false
management.listener.port = 15672
management.listener.ssl = false

配置haproxy代理端口

haproxy部署清单

root@D-master:~/consul_rabbitmq_docker# vim docker-compose_haproxy.yml

version: "3.6"
services:
  haproxy:
    image: olgac/haproxy-for-rabbitmq:1.8.14-alpine
    ports:
      - 15672:15672
      - 5672:5672
      - 1936:1936
    networks:
      - prod
    deploy:
      mode: global
networks:
  prod:
    external: true

部署haproxy

root@D-master:~/consul_rabbitmq_docker# docker stack deploy -c docker-compose_haproxy.yml haproxy
Creating service haproxy_haproxy

查看是否启动

root@D-master:~/consul_rabbitmq_docker# ss -ntlp |grep 1936

root@D-master:~/consul_rabbitmq_docker# ps -ef |grep haproxy
root      13380  13348  0 14:01 ?        00:00:00 haproxy -W -db -f /usr/local/etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg
root      13477  13380  0 14:01 ?        00:00:00 haproxy -W -db -f /usr/local/etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg
root      13574   9914  0 14:01 pts/0    00:00:00 grep --color=auto haproxy

扩展

root@D-master:~# docker ps
root@D-master:~# docker exec -it 23b0dbed70ae /bin/sh
/ #
/ # find / -name "*haproxy.cfg*"
/usr/local/etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg
/ #
/ # cat /usr/local/etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg 

global
    log 127.0.0.1   local0
    log 127.0.0.1   local1 notice
    maxconn 4096

defaults
    log     global
    option  tcplog
    option  dontlognull
    timeout connect 6s
    timeout client 60s
    timeout server 60s

listen  stats
    bind *:1936
    mode http
    stats enable
    stats hide-version
    stats realm Haproxy\ Statistics
    stats uri /

listen rabbitmq
    bind   *:5672
    mode   tcp
    server rabbitmq-01 rabbitmq-01:5672 check
    server rabbitmq-02 rabbitmq-02:5672 check
    server rabbitmq-03 rabbitmq-03:5672 check

listen rabbitmq-ui
    bind   *:15672
    mode   http
    server rabbitmq-01 rabbitmq-01:15672 check
    server rabbitmq-02 rabbitmq-02:15672 check
    server rabbitmq-03 rabbitmq-03:15672 check
/ # 

验证集群

验证RabbitMQ集群

访问 http://IP:15672 RabbitMQ的控制后台,密码为:(admin/Passw0rd),密码在前面.yml文件中定义的。

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验证haproxy后台

访问 http://IP:1936, 验证haproxy后台
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